This paper deals with EU-China relations as a case of the EU's strategic partnerships. It will study the concept of strategic partnerships and see how the EU officially has tried to define these partnerships. As is well known, China is an emergent power which plays an increasing role internationally. With its huge market the EU has clear commercial and financial interests in developing good relations with China as well as integrating China in the global political economy, in particular the WTO framework. As it was said in a recent factsheet from the EU: "Since bilateral ties between the EU and China were established thirty five years ago, trade relations have expanded from €4 billion in 1978 to €296 billion in 2009. Today, the EU is China's most important trading partner, while for the EU, China is second only to the United States."