Draft of book Chapter, "Explaining the Maastricht Treaty"
which was published in book co-edited with Sophie Vanhoonacker, The Intergovernmental Conference on Political Union, Maastricht: EIPA, 1992
The Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) of the member states of the European Community that started in Rome in December 1990 and was concluded in December 1991 in Maastricht, the Netherlands, exhibited the usual bargaining that is common to intergovernmental relations among the Twelve. The member states all brought their perceived national interests to the IGC, as they had done to the talks that preceded the Conference. Does this mean that knowledge about those national interests will allow us to explain the outcome? Or, is the EC more than intergovernmental relations that can be explained by traditional theories of international relations? Are there certain dynamics within the EC that need to be taken into account? Does the EC's position in the wider international system need to be considered, too? Do we need to look at the dynamics of the negotiations themselves to understand the outcome? This chapter will attempt a discussion of these questions, which are of a fundamental theoretical nature. As the author has argued on an earlier occasion it is important for our understanding of the EC to ask such analytical questions.